Tuesday, January 7, 2014

Notes on Prepositions: Supplementary

Prepositions of Time

We use at to designate specific times.
  • The train is due at 12:15 p.m.
We use on to designate days and dates.
  • My brother is coming on Monday.
  • We're having a party on the Fourth of July.
We use in for nonspecific times during a day, a month, a season, or a year.
  • She likes to jog in the morning.
  • It's too cold in winter to run outside.
  • He started the job in 1971.
  • He's going to quit in August.
Prepositions of Place

We use at for specific addresses.
  •  Mr. Green lives at 55 Boretz Road in Durham.
We use on to designate names of streets, avenues, etc.
  • Her house is on Boretz Road.
And we use in for the names of land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents).
  • She lives in Durham.
  • Durham is in Windham County.
  • Windham County is in Connecticut. 
We use for when we measure time (seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years).
  • He held his breath for seven minutes.She's lived there for seven years.
  • The British and Irish have been quarreling for seven centuries.
We use since with a specific date or time.
  • He's worked here since 1970.
  • She's been sitting in the waiting room since two-thirty.

Prepositions of Location: in, at, and on
and No Preposition

(the) bed*
the bedroom
the car
(the) class*
the library*
the library*
the office
the bed*
the ceiling
the floor
the horse
the plane
the train
* You may sometimes use different prepositions for these locations.

Prepositions of Movement

We use to in order to express movement toward a place.They were driving to work together.
  • She's going to the dentist's office this morning.
Toward and towards are also helpful prepositions to express movement. These are simply variant spellings of the same word; use whichever sounds better to you.
  • We're moving toward the light.
  • This is a big step towards the project's completion.
With the words home, downtown, uptown, inside, outside, downstairs, upstairs, we use no preposition. Grandma went upstairs
  • Grandpa went home.
  • They both went outside.
Prepositions with Nouns, Adjectives, and Verbs

Prepositions are sometimes so firmly wedded to other words that they have practically become one word.


approval of
awareness of
belief in
concern for
confusion about
desire for
fondness for
grasp of
hatred of
hope for
interest in
love of
need for
participation in
reason for
respect for
success in
understanding of


afraid of
angry at
aware of
capable of
careless about
familiar with
fond of
happy about
interested in
jealous of
made of
married to
proud of
similar to
sorry for
sure of
tired of
worried about


apologize for
ask about
ask for
belong to
bring up
care for
find out
give up
grow up
look for
look forward to
look up
make up
pay for
prepare for
study for
talk about
think about
trust in
work for
worry about

Idiomatic Expressions with Prepositions
  • agree to a proposal, agree with a person, agree on a price, agree in principle
  • argue about a matter, argue with a person, argue for/against a proposition
  • compare to (to show likenesses), compare with (to show differences and sometimes similarities)
  • correspond to a thing, correspond with a person
  • differ from an unlike thing, differ with a person
  • live at an address, live in a house or city, live on a street, live with other people

No comments: