Friday, September 27, 2013

Vocabulary Notes 5



Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System Vocabulary
abdomen
absorb
anus
appendix
backwash
belch
belly button
bile
bloating
bout
 bowel
bowel movement
burp
colon
colostomy
constipation
contractions
cramping
diaphragm
diarrhea
digestion
diverticula
diverticulitis
diverticulosis
dysphagia
epigastric
erode
esophageal
esophagus
expel
feces
flare
flatulence
gallbladder
gas
gastritis
gastroenteritis
heartburn
hemorrhoid
hiatal hernia
indigestion
intestinal tract
lower esophageal sphincter
moderate
navel obstruction
occult blood
pancreas
peptic ulcer
pouches
rectum
reflux
regurgitation
Schatzki’s ring
stomach acid
stool
strain
swallow
tenderness

Idiomatic expressions using “stomach”

  1. hard to stomach means that the person dislikes something or someone else very much
  2. to have butterflies in one’s stomach means to have anxiety and feelings of fear.
  3. to be difficult to stomach means to be unable to accept someone or endure something that is unpleasant or wrong.
  4. turn one’s stomach means to disgust someone or to make one feel sick.
  5. eyes are bigger than one’s stomach means to eat more food than one can eat.
  6. not have the stomach for means the person has no desire for something he or she feels is wrong or unpleasant.
  7. can’t stomach means to dislike someone or something very much.

Musculoskeletal System Vocabulary
aching
ankylosing spondylitis
arthritis
autoimmune
bony lumps
brittle
bursitis
carpal tunnel syndrome
cartilage
collagen
connective tissue
debilitating
deformity
degenerative
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
fibromyalgia
flexibility
fracture
fusion
gout
immune
joints
knuckles
ligaments
lupus
mobility
nodes
osteoarthritis
osteoporosis
photosensitivity
range of motion
relapse
remission
rheumatism
scleroderma
Sj√∂gren’s syndrome
spine
stiffness
stooped posture
stress
stretch
subside
susceptible
synovitis
temporomandibular joint
tendonitis
urate crystals
vertebrae
wear and tear

Idiomatic Expressions using “Joint,” “Muscle” and “Spine”

  1.  to put one’s nose out of joint means to be upset about something.
  2. muscle one’s way in means to use one’s strength to get where you want to go.
  3. to send chills/shivers up/down one’s spine means to cause someone to feel frightened or excited.

Idiomatic Expressions using “Stiff”

  1. to be bored stiff means to be extremely bored.
  2. to be scared stiff means to be extremely scarred.
  3. a stiff means a dead body.
  4. to be stiff-necked means to be stubborn and to refuse to change or obey.
  5. to be stiffed means someone is not paid the money they are expected to receive.

 Idiomatic Expressions using “Bone”

  1. a bone of contention refers to something that people disagree about.
  2. to feel something in one’s bones means to be sure about something even though you have no proof.
  3. to make no bones about something means to not feel ashamed or nervous about saying or doing something.
  4. work one’s fingers to the bone means to work very hard.
  5. to have a bone to pick means to you want to talk to the person who is annoying you.

 Idiomatic Expressions using “Back”

  1. behind one’s back means to say or do something secretly.
  2. to get off one’s back means to tell someone to stop criticizing, nagging, or telling them what to do.
  3. to break one’s back means to work very hard on something.
  4. to give someone a pat on the back means to congratulate and praise someone.
  5. to stab someone in the back means to betray and do something bad to a person who trusts you.

Neurologic System and Mental Health Vocabulary
Alzheimer’s disease
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
aspirate
atonic
atrophy
balance
bipolar disorder
dementia
depression
dexterity disorientation
distracted
electric shock
epilepsy
episode
exacerbation
forgetfulness
gait
irreversible
isolation
jerking movements
lapse
light therapy
mental impairment
multiple sclerosis
mumbling
speech
myelin sheath
myoclonic
neurology
obsessive-compulsive disorder
onset
panic attack
phobias
pill rolling
progressive
rigid
rouse
seizure
shuffling walk
slurred speech
spinal tap
staring spells
suicide
tremor
twitch
unsteady
voluntary muscles
wandering

Idiomatic Expressions using “Head”

  1. to bite someone’s head off is to be very angry at someone.
  2. to hang one’s head means to be embarrassed and ashamed.
  3. to keep your head above water means to have a difficult time surviving because of money and other problems.
  4. to lose one’s head means to be unable to stay calm.
  5. to keep one’s head means to remain calm.

 Idiomatic Expressions using “Mind”
  1. give someone a piece of one’s mind means to tell someone how angry you are.
  2. one’s mind goes blank means the person cannot remember something.
  3. boggles the mind means that something is confusing and difficult to accept or imagine.
  4. peace of mind means a feeling of calm and no worries.
  5. mind-numbing means to be extremely boring.
  6. Idiomatic Expressions using “Brain”
  7. to pick someone’s brain means to ask someone who knows a lot about something for advice and information.
  8. to rack/beat one’s brains means to think very hard and long about something.

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